Brazil's Itaipu Hydropower Technology for China's Three Gorges Dam
May 23 (LPAC)--A team of technicians from the Brazilian Itaipú Hydro Plant has traveled to China to begin the process of selling and transferring Brazilian technology for operating and maintaining the enormous Three Gorges hydroelectric dam, AFP reported. Three Gorges construction has finished, and the hydropower and water control operational stage is next, by 2009. Both Three Gorges and Itaipu have similar turbines manufactured by the same consortium.
The Itaipú hydroelectric power plant is the largest development of its kind in operation in the world, though the Chinese project, when in operation, will surpass it. Built from 1975 to 1991, in a joint development on the Paraná River, Itaipú represents the efforts and accomplishments of two neighboring countries, Brazil and Paraguay. The power plant's 18 generating units add up to a total production capacity of 12,600 MW (megawatts) and a reliable output of 75 million MWh a year.
The magnitude of the project also can be demonstrated by the fact that in 1995, Itaipú alone provided 25% of the energy supply in Brazil and 78% in Paraguay. The volume of iron and steel utilized in the Dam structure would be enough to build 380 Eiffel Towers, and the volume of concrete used in Itaipú represents 15 times the volume utilized to build the Channel Tunnel between France and England. Itaipú is one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, according to a worldwide survey conducted by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).